Healthy Cholesterol Levels

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Healthy Cholesterol Levels 

Healthy cholesterol Levels  

What is Cholesterol?

cholesterol is a fatty substance manufactured mostly by the liver.  It is extremely important and is needed by every cell in the body. 

Are there different types of cholesterol?

There are two main types of cholesterol:-

  1. LDL cholesterol (This is the bad cholesterol that doctors hate)

  2. HDL cholesterol (This is the good cholesterol)

When doctors and dietitians start talking about LDL cholesterol. They are usually concerned about high levels of the type of cholesterol which is linked to heart disease and other associated health problems.

When they refer to HDL cholesterol, they are talking about the type of cholesterol that helps to protect you from heart disease.

When LDL cholesterol is carried to the cells of a body, the cells will only take what they need. They will then leave the remainder of the unwanted LDL cholesterol in the blood.

When too much of the bad LDL cholesterol is left behind in the blood, it can create a build-up in the arteries causing blockages.  Some of the blockages may then detach themselves and form clots.  This is one of the main reasons that doctors will attempt to reduce this type of cholesterol.

HDL cholesterol is quite different, it is extra cholesterol that comes from the tissues and gets carried away to the liver where it is disposed of.  This is very important for a healthy heart as it is the kind of cholesterol that has been eliminated by the body so it is quite often referred to as good cholesterol.

How do they measure cholesterol?

Your doctor, nurse, or dietitian will first take a sample of your blood.  This sample is then sent to a pathology laboratory for various tests.

When your doctor gets the results back he or she will be looking for several things.

  1. He will look at your overall (Total) cholesterol level

  2. Your LDL cholesterol level

  3. Your HDL cholesterol level

Healthy levels are:-

The total cholesterol ratio to HDL is  very important; the smaller the number the better. 

For example, someone with a total cholesterol of 200 and an HDL of 60 would have a ratio of 3.3 (200 ÷ 60 = 3.3). If that person’s HDL was low — let’s say 35 —the total cholesterol-to-HDL ratio would be higher: say 5.7.

If you make an effort to lower your cholesterol levels, it is very important to lower the LDL cholesterol, as this kind increases the risk of heart attacks. It is also important to try and maintain or increase the level of HDL cholesterol to aid the prevention of heart attacks.

How do we do this?

  1. Change your eating habits to a good sensible balanced diet.

  2. Lose some weight, until you are the right weight for your height

  3. Do some regular exercise, even if it is only walking.

The author of Healthy cholesterol Levels is Anthony George

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Source:  Article Healthy cholesterol Levels was submitted by Anthony George for publication.



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